A tale of odysseus long and trying journey home in the odyssey by homer

She lived on the mythical island of Aiaia Aeaea with her nymph companions.

A tale of odysseus long and trying journey home in the odyssey by homer


Athena Minerva Athena was the virgin goddess of arts, craft and war. Also known as Athene, she was also identified as the Roman goddess, Minerva. Athena was daughter of Zeus and his first wife Metis wisdomwho was the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys.

After Zeus had overthrown his father Cronus and became supreme ruler of heaven, Gaea warned her grandson that if Metis has a second child, it would be a son.

Zeus was told that this son would one day overthrow him, as he had done to his own father Cronus. Not wanting to suffer the same fate as his father, he swallowed Metis, while she was still pregnant. Months later, Zeus suffered from a great headache.

Either Prometheus or Hephaestus used an axe to split open Zeus' head. Athena leaped out of Zeus' head, wearing full armour and uttering a war cry. The gods were astonished and profoundly alarmed at this prodigy. It was only when she removed her helm, that Athena revealed herself to be less formidable in aspect.

A tale of odysseus long and trying journey home in the odyssey by homer

Athena became Zeus' favourite child. She was often referred to as Pallas Athene.

Homer, Odyssey, Volume I: Books | Loeb Classical Library

There are several sources of where Athena got her name "Pallas" from. Apollodorus wrote that Tritonson of Poseidon, raised Athena as she was growing up. Athena was sometimes known by her epithet, Tritogeneia - "thrice born", either because of Triton or because she grew up at Lake Tritonis, in Libya.

Triton had a daughter named Pallas, who became a playmate for Athena. The young goddess was playing with her friend, when Athena accidentally killed her.

In memory of her childhood playmate, she put her friend's name before her own. However, her father Zeus thrown the statue out of heaven and it landed in the tent of Ilusthe son of King Tros of Dardania. In another myth, where the Olympians fought against the giants, where they were aided by Heracles, Athean killed a giant named Pallas, whom the goddess flayed giant, and wore his skin that protect her.

And it is from this battle, that she got her name.


Apollodorus wrote both versions of Athena gaining the name Pallas. There is some confusion over the origin and meaning of the name Pallas. Pallas is a name that can be applied to either male or female character.

In the case of Athena, when it was used as a name for a girl, the name Pallas probably means "girl" or "maiden". However, some modern scholars dispute this meaning, because Pallas could also mean "brandisher".

As to the name of "Athena", the meaning is lost. Athena could be a pre-Hellenic name, either of Minoan or Mycenaean origin. There is a theory that Athena seems to be a pre-Hellenic goddess ie, before the arrival of Dorians, Ionians and Aeoliansexisting originally as a Minoan or Mycenaean goddess of crafts, homes, hearth and communities.

When the Hellenic people migrated to Greece, they brought with them Pallas, the virgin war goddess. The two goddesses fused into a single goddess, known as Pallas Athene, which we know of today, retaining the attributes and functions of both goddesses.

A tale of odysseus long and trying journey home in the odyssey by homer

However, this is merely modern speculation than fact.For Greek myth fans, those who can’t get enough of the D'Aulaires' Book of Greek Myths, and readers who have aged out of Rick Riordan, this classroom staple and mythology classic is perfect for learning about the ancient myths!

King Odysseus and the Greeks have triumphed over the Trojans. At long last, they are able to set sail for home and the loving family Odysseus left behind. Here is a new Loeb Classical Library edition of the resplendent epic tale of Odysseus's long journey home from the Trojan War and the legendary temptations, delays, and perils he faced at every turn.

The Olympians (´Ολυμπιαδεσσιν) were a group of twelve gods that ruled the world after the caninariojana.com lived in a palace on Mount Olympus (´Ολυμπου), built by the Cyclopes or possibly by Hephaestus.

Circe and Odysseus' men, Athenian red-figure pelike C5th B.C., Staatliche Kunstammlungen Dresden KIRKE (Circe) was a goddess of sorcery (pharmakeia) who was skilled in the magic of transmutation, illusion, and caninariojana.com lived on the mythical island of Aiaia (Aeaea) with her nymph companions.

The Cyclops Cave was an interesting story. the author wanted the mood to be eery and scary, and it was, somewhat. the tone was a bit funny in a way to me but it was a little creepy still.

The poem focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus (or Ulysses, as he was known in Roman myths) and his long journey home to Ithaca following the fall of Troy. His adventure-filled ten year journey took him through the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese and as far away as Egypt and North Africa and the western Mediteranean, as the displeased sea .

The Odyssey - Homer - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature