Consent and its influence on Nursing Practice Consent and its influence on Nursing Practice This assignment will discuss consent and how it influences nursing practice in my area of study, which is adult nursing. According to the Nursing and Midwifery Council Code of Conduct NMC,states that healthcare professionals must presumed patients to have the mental capacity to accept or refuse treatment after being given information on their treatment.
Case 3 Adult patients have the moral and legal right to make decisions about their own medical care. Because young children are not able to make complex decisions for themselves, the authority to make medical decisions on behalf of a child usually falls to the child's parents.
Who has the authority to make decisions for children? Parents have the responsibility and authority to make medical decisions on behalf of their children.
This includes the right to refuse or discontinue treatments, even those that may be life-sustaining. However, parental decision-making should be guided by the best interests of the child. Decisions that are clearly not in a child's best interest can and should be challenged.
What is the basis for granting medical decision-making authority to parents? In most cases, a child's parents are the persons who care the most about their child and know the most about him or her. Furthermore, since many medical decisions will also affect the child's family, parents can factor family issues and values into medical decisions about their children.
When can parental authority to make medical decisions for their children be challenged? Medical caretakers have an ethical and legal duty to advocate for the best interests of the child when parental decisions are potentially dangerous to the child's health, imprudent, neglectful, or abusive.
As a general rule, medical caretakers and others should challenge parental decisions when those decisions place the child at significant risk of serious harm. When satisfactory resolution cannot be attained through respectful discussion and ethics consultation, seeking involvement of a State child protection agency or a court order might be necessary.
What are some examples of a decision that places a child a significant risk of serious harm? Childhood vaccination provides an example of the kinds of factors that must be weighed in making this determination.
This is because in a well-vaccinated community the risk of contracting the vaccine-preventable illness and suffering harmful consequences from the infection are quite small.
However, this calculation might shift if a clinician is faced with an unvaccinated child who has suffered a puncture would from a dirty nail. In the latter case, the risk of tetanus a serious and almost always fatal disease if not prevented has become significant, and the provider would be justified in seeking the power of the State through a court order or involvement of child protective services to assure that the child receives the vaccination and treatment necessary to prevent tetanus in a high risk situation.
What if parents are unavailable and a child needs medical treatment? When parents are not available to make decisions about a child's treatment, medical caretakers may provide treatment necessary to prevent harm to the child's health.
In general, a child can be treated or transported without parental permission if the child has an emergency condition that places his or her life or health in danger, the legal guardian is unavailable or unable to provide permission for treatment or transport, and treatment or transport cannot be delayed without further endangering the child.
Providers should administer only those treatments necessary to prevent harm to the child until parental permission can be obtained. Examining a child who presents to medical attention is always appropriate in order to establish whether a threat of life or health exists.
Should children be involved in medical decisions even though their parents have final authority to make those decisions? Children with the developmental ability to understand what is happening to them should be allowed to participate in discussions about their care.
As children develop the capacity to make decisions for themselves, they should be given a voice in medical decisions. Most children and adolescents lack full capacity to make complex medical decisions, however, and final authority to make medical decisions will usually remain with their parents.Consent And Informed Consent Nursing Essay.
Print Reference this consent for nursing intervention where necessary and collaborate with other members of the health care team to obtain consent for medical treatment.
When client are incapable to make informed choices, consent should be sought from family members or significant others. When medical care or treatment is provided, medical practitioners are required in many situations to obtain a patient's informed consent, which means they understand the treatment (its risks, benefits, etc.) and have approved its use.
Model Essay (Medical Law) How to write a law essay Depending on the required work length, writing a law essay can be a almost absolute right to refuse medical treatment. It would, however, be a consent and more readily accepting refusal of treatment. Capacity and Medical Consent Introduction Capacity plays a vital role in determining whether a person can exercise autonomy in making choices in all aspects of life, from simple decisions to far-reaching decisions such as serious medical treatment medical or psychiatric treatment.
Buy Cheap Ethical Issues of Informed Consent Essay Prior to performing any invasive tests or medical treatment, medical practitioners must obtain permission from the patient in a method that is voluntary, informed, and competent. Essay on Informed Consent Words | 4 Pages.
Informed Consent Informed Consent is defined as consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved.