Scott Fitzgerald that can be used as essay starters. For background, here is a condensed summary of The Great Gatsby by F. How did character flaws function in the development of plot?
Lori Steinbach Certified Educator F. Scott Fitzgerald manages to define, praise, and condemn what is known as the American Dream in his most successful novel, The Great Gatsby.
The novel is set inand it depicts the American Dream--and its demise--through the use of literary devices and symbols. One literary device he uses to depict the American Dream is motif; one motif is geography as represented by East and West Egg.
West Egg is where the "new rich" live, those who have made a lot of money by being entrepreneurial or criminal in the years after World War I ended.
It is as if they do not quite know what to do with their newly earned riches and therefore try to "copy" what they perceive to be the possessions and manners of the rich. This is a clear condemnation of the excessive materialism which was the result of pursuing the American Dream. On the other hand, East Egg is filled with those who have always had money.
While they do look like they have class, dignity, and manners things lacking in West-Eggersthey are no better in their excesses than their newly rich neighbors.
The clear message seems to be that the result of the American Dream--wealth--causes destruction. This is a highly symbolic novel, and Fitzgerald uses symbols to represent various aspects of the American Dream. The first is the Valley of Ashes, a place which depicts the consequences of the self-absorption of the rich.
They were careless people, Tom and Daisy--they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money of their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made.
One of the results of this representative carelessness is the Valley of Ashes. The rich have made their money on industry and carelessly tossed the waste, resulting in this gray, poverty-stricken stretch of land.
The people and the place matter not at all to those who selfishly left their waste for others to live in and deal with, another consequence of the American Dream, according to Fitzgerald.
When he was poor, Daisy could not marry him, so he worked hard and achieved the epitome of the American Dream. He literally recreated himself from virtually nothing, he made a lot of money through illegal means, though no one seems to care much about thatand he surrounded himself with the material possessions which he thinks will entice Daisy to be with him.
Nick philosophically compares the green light to the Pilgrims seeing America for the first time. The dream soon dies, however. But what he did not know was that it was already behind him, somewhere in the vast obscurity beyond the city, where the dark fields of the republic rolled on under the night.In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald uses a variety of literary devices to portray the American Dream.
One example is the the green light that symbolizes Gatsby’s hopes and dreams for a life with.
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