Books with an X: Paul LarsenU. Ancient Egypt in Context, Bruce G.
He rarely left his hometown of Copenhagen, and travelled abroad only five times—four times to Berlin and once to Sweden. His prime recreational activities were attending the theatre, walking the streets of Copenhagen to chat with ordinary people, and taking brief carriage jaunts into the surrounding countryside.
His teachers at the university included F. Martensen also had a profound effect on Kierkegaard, but largely in a negative manner. Kierkegaard regarded Martensen as one of his chief intellectual rivals. Martensen was only five years his senior, but was already lecturing at Copenhagen University when Kierkegaard was a student there.
Heiberg, more than any other person, was responsible for introducing Hegelianism into Denmark. Kierkegaard spent a good deal of energy trying to break into the Heiberg literary circle, but desisted once he had found his own voice in The Concept of Irony. Much of the thrust of his critique of Hegelianism is that its system of thought is abstracted from the everyday lives of its proponents.
This existential critique consists in demonstrating how the life and work of a philosopher contradict one another. Kierkegaard derived this form of critique from the Greek notion of judging philosophers by their lives rather than simply by their intellectual artefacts.
Because of his existentialist orientation, most of his interventions in contemporary theory do double duty as means of working through events from his own life.
His mother does not rate a direct mention in his published works, or in his diaries—not even on the day she died. However, for a writer who places so much emphasis on indirect communication, and on the semiotics of invisibility, we should regard this absence as significant. Kierkegaard was deeply enamoured of the Danish language and worked throughout his writings to assert the strengths of his mother-tongue over the invasive, imperialistic influences of Latin and German.
With respect to the former, Kierkegaard had to petition the king to be allowed to write his philosophy dissertation On the Concept of Irony with constant reference to Socrates in Danish. Even though permission was granted he was still required to defend his dissertation publicly in Latin.
Latin had been the pan-European language of science and scholarship. In Repetitionthe character and pseudonymous author Constantin Constantius congratulates the Danish language on providing the word for an important new philosophical concept, viz.
This may explain the sense of urgency that drove Kierkegaard to write so prolifically in the years leading up to his 34th birthday. The breaking of the engagement allowed Kierkegaard to devote himself monastically to his religious purpose, as well as to establish his outsider status outside the norm of married bourgeois life.
It also freed him from close personal entanglements with women, thereby leading him to objectify them as ideal creatures, and to reproduce the patriarchal values of his church and father.
The latter included viewing women in terms of their traditional social roles, particularly as mothers and wives, but also in their traditional spiritual roles as epitomes of devotion and self-sacrifice.
This problem was compounded by the fact that Denmark had recently and very rapidly been transformed from a feudal society into a capitalist society.
Given this problematic in this social context Kierkegaard perceived a need to invent a form of communication which would not produce stereotyped identities.
On the contrary, he needed a form of rhetoric which would force people back onto their own resources, to take responsibility for their own existential choices, and to become who they are beyond their socially imposed identities.
In this undertaking Kierkegaard was inspired by the figure of Socrates, whose incessant irony undermined all knowledge claims that were taken for granted or unreflectively inherited from traditional culture.Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility.
"Utility" is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities. Jeremy Bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as the sum of all pleasure that results from an action, minus the suffering of anyone involved in the action.
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Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. I echo James and Anom this is an excellent essay that makes me want to learn more about Aristotle.
I was particularly intrigued by the emphasis on developing good habits as the key to living a good life. Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (b. , d. ) was a profound and prolific writer in the Danish “golden age” of intellectual and artistic activity.
At the Argentinean Billionaire's Bidding, India Grey Child Development, Shyam Sunder Shrimali Hitori and Sudoku, Nikoli Insight to Success, William J. Smith Pills and Potions ABC French Bk I echo James and Anom this is an excellent essay that makes me want to learn more about Aristotle.
I was particularly intrigued by the emphasis on developing good habits as the key to living a good life.