Polynesian mythology

Maui te whare kino "Maui the house of trouble".

Polynesian mythology

The western boundary is Easter Island. Polynesia means "many islands" in Greek. The cultures of the region share many traits with each other. Their differences are often subtle and not readily perceived by outsiders. Tahiti, a typical high island, is relatively large with steep slopes, rich plant life, and many waterfalls and rushing streams.

Coastal plains are absent or extremely limited on high islands. Atolls ring-shaped islands made of coral are the most common low islands in Polynesia. These are typically "desert islands" that are low-lying, narrow, and sandy with few, if any, surface streams. Low islands have less biodiversity variety of plant and animal species than do high islands.

At the time of the first known European contact with the Polynesian world in the s, there were probably around half a million people scattered throughout the region. European powers competed for ownership of most of Polynesia's inhabited islands.

The indigenous native populations suffered greatly at the hands of the Europeans. They lost their traditional lands and resources, and suffered discrimination against their cultures and languages.

Polynesian languages form a subgroup of this extensive language family. Many Polynesian languages face an uncertain future. Attempts have been made to revitalize the Hawaiian language through educational programs at the university and the elementary school levels.

Tahitian has been used as a lingua franca common language throughout the Tuamotuan Islands, the Marquesas, the Gambiers, and the Austral Islands since before European contact.

It is threatening the survival of the native languages of those islands. In New Zealand, all speakers of Maori—the indigenous Polynesian language of the island chain—are bilingual in English. Myths relate the origins of human beings as well as the origins of cultural practices and institutions.

There is a considerable body of mythology regarding the origins of tattooing in Polynesian cultures.

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Some origin myths describe the process of migration from one island to another via ocean-going canoes. Cultural heroes are important figures in the folklore of Polynesian societies. From what is known of precontact before European contact practices, there was considerable variation in religious ideas and practices throughout Polynesia.

In Hawaii, for instance, chiefs were genealogically related to gods and, as a result, were believed to possess sacred power called mana.

The Hawaiian system recognized four major gods and one major goddess.

KAKAMORA - the Oceanic fabulous creature (Oceanic mythology)

The concept of tapuEnglish "taboo," was important in all Polynesian societies. This refers to anything forbidden due to sacredness. There were rules that served to protect through forbidding certain actions. In the Marquesas Islands, a woman's menstrual cloth itself was not tapu; however, it was tapu to touch it.

Today, most Polynesians are followers of Christianity, both Catholicism and Protestantism. Some traditional beliefs and mythologies have been incorporated into Christian ideology. Bastille Day is a French national holiday.

It commemorates the fall of the Bastille, a French fortress formerly used as a prison that was captured by revolutionaries on July 14, Many islanders now celebrate a number of Catholic holidays due to influence of missionaries in the colonial era.

On that occasion, the maternal uncles and the paternal aunts of the newborn would cut their hair. An ornament-maker would fashion hair ornaments for the child to wear later in life.

The newborn was brought presents by family and friends, and a type of shrine was built by the infant's father. Passage into puberty was often accompanied by tattooing rituals in many Polynesian societies. In some societies only men were tattooed. In others, both men and women were tattooed.

The practice of tattooing in Polynesia carries with it cultural and symbolic meanings. There have been recent revivals of the art of tattooing in societies such as the Maori of New Zealand.

Another puberty ritual performed in some Polynesian societies was "fattening.In Māori mythology, Tiki is the first man created by either Tūmatauenga or caninariojana.com found the first woman, Marikoriko, in a pond; she seduced him and he became the father of caninariojana.com extension, a tiki is a large or small wooden or stone carving in humanoid form, although this is a somewhat archaic usage in the Māori caninariojana.comgs similar to tikis and coming to represent.

Priests usually organized and led religious festivals and celebrations. In some places, special cult organizations, consisting of storytellers, musicians, dancers, and other performers, took charge of staging ceremonial activities. Sacred ceremonies often included singing, dancing, storytelling, and dramatic performances.

Sometime during or after World War II a fifth gecko species arrived, the house gecko. This aggressive little lizard, although just as useful and adorable as its relatives has driven most other geckos away from humans into the wilderness during the last 30 years or so.

Afa: Samoa: Afa is a storm god in the Polynesian mythology of Samoa: Ao: Maori: In the Polynesian mythology of the Maori, Ao ("daylight") is one of the primal deities who are the unborn forces of nature.

In Māori mythology, as in other Polynesian traditions, Māui is a culture hero and a trickster, famous for his exploits and cleverness.. Māui is credited with catching a giant fish using a fishhook taken from his grandmother's jaw-bone; the giant fish would become the North Island of New Zealand, known as Te caninariojana.com some traditions, his waka (canoe) became the South Island, known as.

Ancient Origins articles related to polynesian in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends.

Polynesian mythology
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