How can I learn about import or export licensing? Customs and Border Protection. Is there help for new exporters?
Government and the Arts Background Materials Government interacts with the arts in various ways. Two principle roles it plays are that of regulator and patron.
Sometimes these roles conflict. Government can regulate the process of artistic creation and even the content, but it must respect artistic freedom of expression in so doing. As a patron, the state can finance art directly through purchase, commissions or funding, or indirectly through tax breaks.
Controversial art can make the government's exercise of its regulatory or fiscal powers also controversial. Regulation of artistic expression Art, like other forms of expression, can inspire or offend. Art can offend one's political or religious beliefs, one's ethnic or social affiliation, one's aesthetic or moral senses.
As a form of expression, art might run foul of rules properly restricting expression, such as libel laws, privacy laws, or national security regulations. Private objections to controversial art play out in the private legal arena.
If a patron objects to a commissioned work, payment can be withheld.
If a museum director finds an installation potentially libelous, obscene, or simply bad art, the work can be removed. Civil suits may follow. When government officials find art objectionable, however, or are asked to use governmental powers to prevent display of the art or to punish the artists, issues of constitutional complexity arise.
How the government should respond to controversial art depends on whether the government is acting as consumer, patron, or censor.
In the US, the First Amendment tightly limits governmental censorship. US cases have most typically involved obscenity or the flag.
CaliforniaU. GeorgiaU. OhioU. JohnsonU. EichmanU. The American Flag in Contemporary Art " produced the now-to-be-expected protests. And the debate continues.
Harvard faculty have weighed in on both sides of the argument. A proposed amendment to the Constitution to prohibit burning or other desecration of the flag failed Wednesday, March 29,by a 63 to 37 vote, four votes short of the required two-thirds majority, much to the delight of People for the American Way and to the chagrin the Citizens Flag Alliance.
But in Julythe House of Representatives voted to in support of a proposed constitutional amendment that would allow Congress to make it a crime to desecrate an American flag.For each of the countries subject to U.S.
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Ozone generators that are sold as air cleaners intentionally produce the gas ozone. Often the vendors of ozone generators make statements and distribute material that lead the public to believe that these devices are always safe and effective in controlling indoor air pollution.
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